What is a Customs broker?

In most countries, a Customs broker can be loosely defined as a person or entity that is authorized by the Customs authority to make import or export declarations on a…

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How to import in Singapore?

What does importation into Singapore mean? Importation refers to the process of bringing goods; either from an FTZ (Free Trade Zone) or any other entry point into a Customs territory,…

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Rules of Origin

The rules of origin determine quotas, preferential tariff rates, and many similar cross border trade-related concerns. While it may be easy to understand what is meant by referring to the…

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Thailand HS Code

Thailand's HS tariff book is structured to hold an 11 digit HS code. This 11 digit HSN number must be declared to Thai Customs for all imports and exports. As…

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Top Line vs. Bottom Line

When looking at any organization's income statement, the lines indicating the bottom line and top line are almost always shown. Investors can make decisions about continuing in an investment, withdrawing…

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Certificate of Free Sale

What is a Certificate of Free Sale? A Certificate of Free Sale (CFS) refers to a certificate that needs to be obtained from designated authorities for the export of certain…

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