Perfumes comprise of differing levels of ethyl alcohol which is a flammable liquid, hence categorized as hazard class 3. Three packaging groups (PG) are available to highlight the level of danger found within these hazard classes. PG I is of highest danger, PG II being medium and last PG III showing the least danger. Taking into consideration the high flash point and boiling points, perfumes are generally classified under PG II or III. To ship the product, the appropriate shipping name has to be chosen from a long list consisting of over 3000 names. The names should be selected to provide the most comprehensive description of the goods which is being shipped, which in your case is perfumery products, UN1266.
Hazmat Regulations in International Shipments
There are global standards in play for regulated material. But exceptions made in one country cannot be expected in other nations. This unfortunately is the case for perfumes and hence they are to be shipped as fully regulated materials which can be quite costly.
It is important to use certified packaging. The packaging should meet the performance standards set by the UN. The pressure differential test is an important test which is needed when shipping liquid items by air. Every bottle should adhere to UN pressure stands and should be completely sealed. This process may require additional labor and is costly. Adequate cushioning and leak-proofing should also be done. As the goods have been declared as dangerous goods, the cost of shipping cost charged by carriers also increases.
Luckily, there is a potential alternative to it, you can make major savings once you describe your perfume as a product of limited quantity or even as a consumer commodity.
As stated by the name, certain dangerous goods which are shipped in reasonably limited quantities may minimize the hazard and can be effectively transported in quality packaging which meets the UN regulations but not completing those for testing and marking. For example, at the paint aisle in any hardware shop, there would be a limited amounts per consumer commodities. There would not be any large drums for sale.
If you are able to provide a combination packaging comprising of an inner bottle or can with an outer packaging, the packaging being on par with the construction standards, you are not restricted anymore. The restrictions placed on inner packaging are lenient and permits up to 5 liters or 30 kilograms per package of item.
The outer package packaging should bear the name and address of the shipper as well as the consignee, there should be two orientation arrows placed on opposite sides for any liquids, a diamond with a black tip should be sufficient as shown. There is no need for a definitive shipping name, UN number or even hazard label. However, the product should satisfy the criteria of limited quantity, if so, you will be free from the stringent regulations placed by UN on packaging. If the products fall under category of consumer commodity, ORM-D is applicable and offers freedom from rules which consists of documentation and emergency response.
Shipping Dangerous Goods by Vessel
Shipping goods such as perfumes deemed consumer commodities by vessel under the Maritime Organization’s (IMO’s) International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code is quite complicated when compared to conventional trucking. Shipment of limited quantities is recommended as there is no such terminology as consumer commodity in IMO. But it still requires documentation stating dangerous good declaration, and the shipping name for perfume products is perfumery PIE.
There are two main requirements which should be considered:
- Wording and limited quantity should be mentioned within the basic description, as an example UN ID number, proper shipping name, class number, and packaging group number; and
- Flash point of the liquids being shipped in Celsius, should be found within the basic description.
Shipment of dangerous goods can be expensive, as dangerous goods are an inherent source of hazard during transport, hence deceleration is essential. Failure to declare such items is extremely irresponsible and can be punished by hefty fines, which are exponentially increasing.
The manner of declaration of your dangerous items is a separate issue. Therefore, expert assistance is needed to understand when and where to find the facilitations within these regulations for maximum gain.